Volume Weighted Average Price

There are infinite number of methodologies that every trader uses to define the pattern of a trade. Some traders intend their tactics to be 90–100% effective but fail to consider some of the main variables like risk-reward ratio, CAR/MAXDD. Etc. I’m going to tell you a basic approach where VWAP will define the pattern.

What is Volume Weighted Averages  (VWAP) ?

VWAP is an indicator used by institutional traders to determine the price range within which they wish to conduct their trades. As the name implies, it is based on the average trading price, which is weighted by the trading volume of the current day.

The aim of using the VWAP as a trading target is to ensure that the trader executing the order does so in accordance with the market volume.Non-institutional traders can also use this indicator as a strange incentive to invest and trade. This post is for those who do not yet have the VWAP indicator in your chart, this is the post for you.

Formula for (VWAP)

Vwap is determined by adding the exchanged dollars per each exchange and dividing by total traded shares.

Vwap= sum of price level / sum of volume range.

Methods of VWAP Calculation

Puting the VWAP  to a diagram will conclude the whole calculations. Follow these steps to calculate V.W.A.P.

Assume a five-minutes. chart;  calculation is the same whatever the intraday time intervals.

  • The stock’s average price traded over the day’s first 5-minute period. To do so, add the low, high, and close, and divide by 3. For that period multiply it by (V) or volume. Record result under column P.V, in spreadsheets.
  • For that period divide P.V with volume. That gives the value for VWAP.
  • Start applying  P.V values from every time to the original values to preserve  VWAP value all day. Until that point, divide the total by (VT) or the total volumes.

Creating columns for sum of P.V and sum of volume to make that simpler in spreadsheets. To produce VWAP, both of these summation values are been divided between themselves.

Key Benefits of (VWAP)

  • VWAP appears on intraday charts as a single line (1 minute, 15 minute, and so forth), similar to how a moving average looks.
  • Retail and skilled traders use the VWAP to assess intraday patterns as part of their rules of trade.
  • The estimation of the Volume Weighted Average Price (VWAP) is based on historical data and thus is best suited for intraday trading.
  • A measure of VWAP compares the current stock price to a benchmark.
  • The Volume Weighted Price Average (VWAP) will show whether a market is bullish or bearish, and whether selling or buying is a good time.
  • Volume Weighted Average Price (VWAP) is considered to be Moving Average’s superior method.
  • VWAP predictor can be used during sideways market as a competitive support/resistance thread.
  • Traders can use VWAP as a guide to getting in and out of positions based on the excess price.

Who uses (VWAP)

Big retail investors and hedge funds use VWAP formula to help switch in and out of securities at the least potential market impact. Institutions should either aim to purchase below VWAP, and,  or sell over it, if possible. With this, their acts are moving the price to the norm, rather than away. Stock traders can apply VWAP for verifying the phenomenon, and they create trading rules round it. For e.g, they may choose to introduce long positions when price is higher than the VWAP. They might choose to start short positions when price is lower than the VWAP indicator.

Can VWAP help you profit trading forex?

The use of the VWAP is highly efficient and convenient when dealing in short-term timeframes. Waiting for a clean VWAP cross above is one popular strategy for a bullish investor, and then join long. When a VWAP cross is shown above, the stock shows buyers can step in, signaling upward momentum may be present.

When the price of a stock breaks above the VWAP, the VWAP from the previous time frame can be considered as a level of support. If traders bearish on a stock, they can look down on a VWAP cross below to short the stock. This signals buyers can move away and take profits or there’s a seller there.

When the stock falls below the lower band and vice versa when buying, a trader can shorten a stock with a clean VWAP cross below, and cover a short spot.For example, if a stock sells at $59. 90 and the Volume Weighted Average Price is $59. 95, when a investor sees a Volume Weighted Average Price Cross over $59. 95 and the stock price moves up to $60. 05, they will look to the upside and get long on this Volume Weighted Average Price Split.

The stock might display upside-down signs of power and momentum. So, if traders use this Volume Weighted Average Price technique along with Bollinger bands. They can identify a target if the stock is above the upper band. And if the stock falls below the Volume Weighted Average Price, based on their risk appetite, they can even get a stop-loss order set.

Value of VWAP to both Traders and Analysts

VWAP is an important instrument used by traders to gage whether a product was bought or sold at a reasonable price.Traders and analysts usually use the standard VWAP. It measures the price for the trading day depending on all the orders; however, others tend to use different time frames for the vwap.

Traders and analysts use the VWAP to eliminate the noise that occurs all day long.  VWAP provides traders with insight into how a stock trades for that day, and determines a good price for some to buy or sell at. When a stock attempts to break above or below the VWAP, there is a natural selling pressure.

Typically there is a war between buyers and sellers when a stock or sector attempts to split over or below the VWAP line or a VWAP cross. If a stock attempts to split several times in the day above or below the VWAP point. Traders and analysts can see that purchasing or selling is a reasonable option. Any short-term traders, though, prefer to wait for one side to lose the fight and then go on a break above the vwap or a break below the vwap for a long time.

How effective is the VWAP indicator when used for generating signals in intraday trading?

VWAP and market action along with moveable averages are generally perceived to be the main trading devices. The signature aspect of VWAP is that for time frames it doesn’t shift, it is unchanged independent of timeline.

Here is one example of how to use VWAP to generate profitable trades.

This is a 15 min tatasteel chart. The marked green line is level VWAP. The bold lines show nodes high in number. You can see the stock is in a downward spiral, quickly.

We ought to search for short entries. The three zones identified are levels at which price correlates closely with level vwap. Consider price level 365.

  • It is a node with a large volume as a predictor of the volume profile.
  • It worked as a reinforcement previously and it will certainly act as a resistance.
  • Most notably, price point honors vwap perfectly. Thus the level 365 works as a level of shortness. This could have been a fantastic trade in tatasteel by using a bracket order, capturing more than 2% of the move.

Disadvantages of Using the VWAP

VWAP is a one-day indicator and restarts every new trade day at the opening.

Attempting to construct an average VWAP in several days could lead to manipulation of the average from the VWAP true reading. Although some institutions could favor purchasing when a security price is below VWAP, or selling when above. The VWAP is never the only aspect to consider.

The price can continue to climb higher for many days in clear uptrends, without coming below VWAP or even occasionally. Therefore, if prices are rising rapidly, waiting for price to slash below VWAP may mean a lost opportunity.

VWAP is based on historically obtained values, and has no defined qualities, or summation inherent. Since VWAP is tied to the day’s opening price index, the predictor fades as a day progresses.

That could be viewed in the sense that a minute measurement of the VWAP duration after 330 min. (the lengths of normal trading sessions) would always mimic a 390-mins. moving averages at day end.


This indicator is intended to give you the average price of a stock based on price movement and volume. With VWAP, you can make a more accurate estimate of the market movement. If you compare the number of orders executed in a given time interval at a price with the price at which the orders were executed in those time intervals.


VWAP can enable DayTraders to buy low and sell high. If you have a buy signal generated by your technical trading strategy. You probably execute the order and leave the results to hopes and prayers. Professional day traders, however, do not place an order as soon as a trade signal generates from their system. Instead, they wait patiently before pulling the trigger for a more favorable price.

When you consider the stock price below the VWAP index and buy the stock at the market level. You are not paying more than the stock’s average price for that time. You should hold to a trading policy with VWAP Trading where you will still buy big. You sell at a higher price compared to the market price if you are shortening the order.

If there is VWAP Significant Change in Market Trends, a momentum trader would look to buy and sell whenever the price goes down. VWAP strategy named VWAP Cross can help you trade the market momentum. Since the VWAP predictor represents a market equilibrium price. You should view this as an indication that the trend is going up as the price crosses over the VWAP axis.

You should interpret this as a warning that the trend is bearish and respond appropriately when you see the price falling below the VWAP.

 VWAP algorithms operate by identifying correlations for the given stock in historical quantity. Then, the VWAP algorithm splits up the exchange into parcels in proportion. 
For e.g, if 5% of trade usually happens between 930 and 1000, then the VWAP algorithm will trade between 930 and 1000 in 5% of chain.