Momentum indicator

What is Momentum Indicator?

For market technicians, Momentum refers to stock prices changes over time. It is the measurement of price changes rate or velocity, it measures the rate of price change as opposed to the changes in real price itself. From a trending perspective, momentum is a very useful indicator of strength or weakness in the price of the issue. In technical analysis Momentum is one of the most important concepts. However, momentum trading is a strategy whereby traders buy and sell based on the severity of recent market patterns. Different trading indicators can measure momentum including RSI, Stochastics, Williams%R, and the Momentum Indicator among others. Momentum indicator is a leading oscillator indicator used by traders to detect potential overbought or over-sold market conditions, as well as the strength behind the current trend. Therefore, momentum indicators indicate the market change over time and how big those fluctuations are/will be, regardless of the way the commodity goes, up or down. Momentum indicators are also especially useful, as they allow traders and investors to find areas where the price can and must reverse. It is also called the rate of change in the volume of a safe. Since neither price nor volume can accelerate in perpetuity in one direction, momentum indicator is seen as an oscillator.

What are the Momentum Indicator signals?

Trade signals are every trader’s life-blood stream. Without them, they will leave even the most experienced trader in the dark when it comes to their trade decisions.

  1. 100 line cross graph: Almost always, a specific type of software will provide these signals, but traders need to be able to actually make sense of the lines and graphs, how to read the use of trading on a 100 line cross graph. The average buy or sell signal is represented either above or below the 100 line by the price crossing. The 100 line is often represented by a 0. when the price falls above the 100 mark, the trader will be told the market is gaining value and when it drops below the 100 rows, it informs the trader that the market loses its momentum.

  2. Divergence: Divergence occurs when the price moves slightly low but the low is moving up. This means that while the price certainly drops, the momentum behind the drop is slowing down. If the buying signal is indicated while going through this, this Divergence will help to acknowledge what you are seeing. It is known as Bullish Divergence. If the reverse occurs, where the price goes higher, but the tops on the index drop down, what is considered a bearish divergence is present. Breaking it down, this pattern would suggest that the buying pace is slowing down, while the price increases.

Crossover: This signal is determined by A moving average line. By adding a moving average to the indicator, the moving average will indicate the closing price over a number of days before purchasing or selling while looking at a Crossover. Traders will then buy when the momentum indicator crosses the line, but only when it moves from average to below the line, and it will indicate a time to sell from average to above with the indicator movements.

Why Momentum Indicators are important

For your trading strategy, Momentum Indicator is important because it measures to obtain insight into the speed at which the market travels in the direction of the trend, evaluate entry or exit points or recognise possible trend reversals. A robust momentum model in forex (FX) is an invaluable trading device. This is known to be an outstanding gauge of market power. Momentum metrics display stock momentum over time and how big those moves are/will be, regardless of the way markets go, up or down. Momentum Indicators are also particularly useful, as they help traders and analysts to spot points where the market can and will reverse. Through divergence connecting price movement and momentum the points are identified. Since the momentum indicators indicates the strength of price movements but exclude the direction of price movements, these indicators are most preferably used in together with other technical indicators – such as trend lines and moving averages – showing price trends and direction.

What are the Best Types of Momentum Indicator?

Traders may use a number of momentum measures, however, there are a few that are commonly used and very popular with traders:

  1. Moving Average Convergence Divergence (MACD): The Moving Average Convergence Divergence (MACD) is a classic momentum measure for day trading. It was created in the 1970’s, with relatively simple calculations. By taking the longer average out of the shorter average, the MACD uses two metrics – shifting averages – to transform them into an oscilllator. It implies that the MACD shows momentum when it swings back and forth between moving averages when they intersect, overlap, and travel away from each other, that is, when the paths of the two moving averages merge, head in the same direction, and when they diverge. The MACD line is the slow moving average that is subtracted from the fast moving average. In the case of default settings, a 12-period EMA – 26-period EMA would be calculated. The Signal Line is the “slow-line,” the MACD line is only a moving average. It is a 9-period EMA of the MACD with default settings. The Histogram: The histogram subtracts the MACD line from the signal line. As the histogram shows details already apparent on its own in the predictor, many prefer not to use this diagram. If the histogram moves over the zero-axis, this means the MACD line has passed over the signal line, and the other way round.

  2. Relative Strength Index (RSI): RSI was developed by the scientific analyst Welles Wilder in the late 1970s, in his book, New Ideas in Modern Trading Schemes, he published his estimate on oscillator. The RSI also acts as an oscillator for price changes and the speed at which they change, comparing the current price change to recent price changes–the higher the reading, the faster the price changes. The measure fluctuates between zero and 100, back and forth.Traders and analysts will detect signs as they search for divergences, oscillator loss changes, and where the indicator reaches the center line.

  3. Average Directional Index (ADX): Welles Wilder created the directional movement method consists of the ADX, the minus directional indicator (-DI), and the plus directional indicator (+DI) – as a collective that could be used to help quantify both the momentum and direction of price changes. It is a primary tool for determining market dynamics. When markets are on a trend, momentum will increase, and vice versa.

  4. Rate of Change: Rate of Change is a concept of mathematics that means a calculation that shows how one value changes over another. The technical indicator rate of change does just that, it compares price changes to one another. The current reading of a 5-period rate of change, for example, compares the most recent price change in the time-series with the previous four periods. The higher the current reading, the stronger the current momentum is. Here’s how the change rate indicator is calculated, according to StockCharts: ROC = [(Close – Close n periods ago) / (Close n periods ago)] * 100 The change rate tells us how fast the price changes relative to your look back period (the look back period on a 5-period ROC is 5). A more drastic reading of the rate of change suggests a clear trend.

What are the uses of the momentum indicator ?

The momentum indicator can be used to provide trading indications, but it is also used to help validate the legitimacy of trades based on market movements such as breakouts or pullbacks. The momentum measure won’t have any more detail than can be used simply from looking at the price chart itself. If the market shifts significantly higher, it would be noticeable on both the price map and the momentum tracker. Often the momentum predictor can be helpful for detecting small changes in the power of purchasing or selling, primarily by using divergence. The metric is often used to help validate a marketing plan for price change, as opposed to using it to produce trading signals of its own.

What are the Market Conditions of the Momentum Indicator ?

Over time, the rate at which price or volume changes will ebb and flow, the momentum indicator will be predominantly positive, if price is in an uptrend but the indicator will mostly be negative when price is in a downtrend. Momentum indicators are used because they do not work to determine only the time frame in which the price change occurs. They show the direction of a movement, but not its extent or even the number of moves, but only the amount of movement and how strong it is.

How to calculate the momentum indicator

The ‘n’ signals an input value that you, the dealer, will decide. A setting of 10 or 14 will almost always be used as the input value for the software program you choose to use. The “n” will set the time period you wish to compare with. So if you use 10, the period calculates the 10-year closing price input and compares it with the current value. For the input value, most charting software programs use momentum indicator levels of 10 or 14. And instead, if you set “n” to 10, the new closing price will be equivalent to the closing price 10 periods earlier.

Here’s the Momentum Indicator calculation: M = (CP/CPn) * 100 Where M = Momentum, CP = Closing Price, n = Closing price n bars earlier. Use the following inputs to take an example: cp = 109.10 cpn = 102.50 m = (109.10/102.50) * 100 m = 106.43

What are the Trading Strategies of the Momentum Indicator ?

  1. Momentum Divergence with Zig Zag Pattern: This momentum strategy combines the Momentum Indicator, Divergence setup and Zig Zag pattern. The divergence pattern information has been explained, a zig zag pattern on the other hand is a relatively straightforward pattern that’s rooted in the Elliott wave principle. It is made up of three waves – a, b, and c. Wave A is the pattern’s main wave, which is retraced by the second component, Wave B. Wave B must retrace less than 100% of Wave A. The third wave, Wave C, travels in the same direction as Wave A and must stretch past it. If we can validate the disparity between the momentum predictor and size, that’s going to be our market setup. Our real entry signal will occur at the trend line break that stretches from the beginning of wave a and crosses to the start of wave c. we’ll call this the trend line a-c.

  2. Momentum Divergence with Support and Resistance: Every trader should take the time to understand the basic concepts of Support and Resistance regardless of the trading system used. Support levels are areas in which prices are likely to stagnate or find demand (purchasing pressure). Resistance thresholds are places where the price of seeking supply is expected to plateau (selling pressure). Once a standard of protection splits it is fresh resistance. Once a type of resistance breaks, it is new help. It is important to note that support and resistance should be seen not as a fixed line but as zones or areas. We will first wait in this Momentum strategy for price to approach a key S/R level based on the higher time frame. Then, we want to look closely at the price action and wait to see if a pattern of divergence is forming near the S/R level. Once we confirm that there has been a divergence between the Momentum Oscillator and the price, then we will consider that a potential trade setup is progressing.On Momentum Indicator Crossover our actual entry signal will occur.

When to use momentum indicators

The momentum indicator can be used to directly provide trading signals, but it is more commonly used as a confirmation tool. The simplest signal is to take as a signal any crossing across the centreline, buying when the value rises from below 100 to above, and selling when it falls below 100 from above. However, this is a rudimentary approach, and should be taken with great caution. The synchronization of these signals can be complicated, ensuring that by the time the signal arrives, you lose part of the transfer. Nonetheless, with the use of a running average in combination with the momentum predictor the pacing can be improved.


Momentum measures are important devices for traders and analysts, but are rarely used in isolation. Using them with other technical indicators to show trend directions is more popular. Momentum measures are useful as they show the intensity of the patterns in market action and when they come to a close. For the Momentum Indicator, there are three primary trade signals that can be produced. But whatever type of Momentum signal you use, it’s highly recommended that you use confluence by incorporating other technical studies into the mix. You should not trade the Momentum indicator without first analyzing the market condition that underlies it. If you adhere to that guideline, you will become less prone to whipsaws and fake setups. Some strategies that can be incorporated using the Momentum Oscillator have been discussed but this should only serve as a basic building block from which you can test different ideas or find valuable ways to incorporate them into your own trading plan.


If you cannot use it to trade and generate P&L, there’s almost no point in predicting market moves. Therefore the best option is to backtest a stat ARB strategy based on the indicator. Do not let yourself be distracted by correlation or even percentage accuracy in directional forecasting as a few wrong predictions can blow your capital. In addition to your indicator, you’ll need a set of rules for entry and exit. (Enter when indicator 1 is 0.5 from below, etc.) Don’t forget to pay all types of transaction fees.

  1. It is crucial to understand the momentum indicators in trading.

  2. Using the momentum indices to read the power of market change on an almost regular basis.

  3. Knowing signs of commerce.

  4. Understanding how trading usage can be read on a graph

  5. Learn how to compute a Momentum Indicator.


Since dynamic stocks tend to outperform the market in the short term, a simple method of identifying potential dynamic stocks is simply to scan stocks that yield higher returns over the past three, six or 12 months than the S&P 500 or other index.

The momentum Indicator shows whether the price is going up or down, and how powerful. When a positive number is the first iteration of the momentum measure, the price is above the average “n” cycles but when it’s a negative number, is below the average”n”.

Identify the strength of a price move by using an indicator line of momentum in a price chart. The formula for this indicator compares the latest closing price from any time frame to a preceding closing price. In a different section of a chart, the momentum indicator is typically displayed as a single line than the price line or bar.

Traders use momentum indicators on an almost daily basis to gauge the strength of price movements as shown in the price tables. If you have been a student of technical analysis for a while , you will understand why this is considered one of the more important concepts. It is important that you can ensure that every trade decision you make is richly rewarded. If you understand these indicators, you will also be able to minimize your risk to a certain extent.