Elder Rays

What is Elder Rays?

Elder Ray was developed by Dr Elder, to measure the performance levels of two competing groups, Bears Power and Bull Power. The Elder Ray indicator generates an index to sell when the performance of bears turns positive and to buy when bull power becomes negative. It combines this with an exponential moving average, which is a trend. The slope of the exponential Moving Average is equally important as the direction indicates the general trend. If the downward trend continues, cover your shorts and prepare for a subsequent upward trend. Traders can also set the moving average against the bull and bear power indicators to confirm the trend and trade on the strength of the signal.

The primary assumption behind this indicator is that bulls are greedy on the upward trend. They move and buy closer to the high, while bears are strong in fear, jump down and sell more intimate to the low. It benefits from adding one or two indicators, as both bulls and bears reveal useful information about the market. Bull Power is calculated by subtracting the EMA of the closing price of the previous trading day from the highest security price. Bear power subtracts the EEMA from a correspondingly lower trading day rate. The Elder-Ray index includes Bull Power, Bear Power, Moving Averages and EEMA along with several other indicators. The bull power indicator shows the relationship between an exponential moving average of an n-period and the daily high. The bear indicator shows the connection between a regular low moving exponential average and an n-period. Bear power = daily low – ema (of n-periods), Bull power = daily high – ema (of n-periods). This may be used individually or in tandem with other professional analytical instruments. 

A brief history of Elder Ray

The Elder-Ray metric, was created by Dr. Alexander Elder in 1989 and published in his book “Trading for a Living.” consists of three components – Bear Power, Bull Power, and an Exponential Moving Average of 13-periods. The Elder Ray Index is a technical indicator that measures the buying and selling pressure on the market. According to Alexander Elder, Bull Power will remain positive under normal circumstances. While on the other hand, Bear Power should remain negative under normal circumstances. Where the indicator Bull Power enters the negative territory, this implies that sellers control the market. It means that if the bear power index crosses a definite boundary, you have surpassed sellers and dominate the market.
A trader shouldn’t go long at times when the bear power indicator is positive, and when the bull power indicator is negative, you shouldn’t go far.  If bear power shows a higher low, the price falls and bear strength weakens and falls to a new low. Normally, one would buy when the bear power moves down and then buy again when it moves down. When prices fall, the indicator of bull performance rises, and the bears become weaker, and so on. This is a strong buy signal and if the market is up or down, bull power will be up and down. 

Elder Ray Charting Basics

For beginners, reading and interpreting an Elder Ray chart is a form of study and not a simple one. The market power and bear power metrics are commonly used in combination by traders. Trade signals may be produced by finding cases where the two convey signs of bullish or bearish. The Elder-Ray Index is meant to be a matching pattern framework, in which all three metrics are used to validate a transaction. If the EMA slopes upward, consider long positions if the power of the bull is rising. The power of the bear is in negative territory and rising (getting weaker) if the EMA slopes downward. Consider short positions or sales if the power of the bull is above zero and decreases (weakening) and the power of the bear decreases
Another option is to look in the power indicators at the EMA as well as the overall trend. The downward pull of the EMA together with a low swing high at the bull power may suggest an extended position for the rising EMA. While it would be a higher swing lower at the bear power. On the D1 time frame, we will explore futures and inventories. 
All three indicators are placed on a single chart (Bulls Power, Bears Power, and EMA). All signs have an average period of 13.
Buy rules trend is on the rise (according to EMA);
Bears Power is below zero but is on the rise; pending Buy Stop order is above the last two days maximum, while protective Stop Loss is below the previous minimum.
The trend of selling rules falls (according to EMA);
Bulls Power is above zero but falls; pending Sell Stop order is below the minimum of the last two days, while protective Stop Loss is above the final maximum.
In the following cases, Elder recommends buying: There is an uptrend (indicated by EMA direction). Bears Oscillator Power is negative, but it is rising. Bulls Power Oscillator’s final peak is higher than the previous peak. Bears Power Oscillator rises after the divergence of bulls. If Bears Power Oscillator is positive though, you should refrain from buying. In the following cases, Elder advises selling: there is a downtrend. 
Bull’s power oscillator is optimistic but is going down. Bulls control oscillator shrinks from bearish divergence. When the Bulls Power Oscillator is negative, it is advised not to allow short positions. The most auspicious time to trading is the divergence between Bulls Power and Bears Power and prices.

Elder Ray Trading Standards

Interpret whether bear strength always indicates the weakness or strength of the bear before you cover a short position. Bull power is measured by whether market bulls drive the price above or below the average consensus value. It is the “average” or “consensus” value of a particular stock traded at a given time, or the S & P 500 index. Bear power is a measure of whether the bear drives prices up or down, with a positive or negative correlation
The Elder-Ray item to be understood:
The size, EMA, peaks and lows of Bulls Power and Bears Power indicators at each counter, as well as the power of bulls and bears.
The moving average represents a specific duration of average consensus on asset valuation.  Ema (13) on d1, for example, is an ordinary asset value arrangement for a period of 13 days. Why is the use of an exponential rather than a simple moving average better? 
A. Elder answered this question in section 4.2 of his book (“Moving Averages”). In short, against a simple average, EMA is more sensitive to trend changes. Looking at Figures 1 and 2, we can see that the rules of buy and sell are triggered in a stable trend at roll-backs in the option “All indicators on a single chart. “There are quite a few such desirable moments because the time frame evaluated is D1. 
D1 charts have a considerable advantage:
EMA slope analysis, as well as Bulls Power and Bears Power indicators, can only be conducted once a day, when a new bar appears. That is precisely how the EA is going to work: wait for a new bar on D1 for each defined symbol, and then search for potential entries. Futures and stocks are traded only in netting mode. Therefore, w cannot apply directed positions (hedging) here, but we can increase the volume of the area
The EA may trade only on the current symbol or on several symbols that should be in the text file. With the current symbol, selecting multiple symbols may present the following issues:
– We need to specify about one hundred symbols of one market (such as securities only).
– we need to specify a lot of symbols from different markets (such as futures and securities).

Common Elder Ray Terms

The maximum Bulls Power indicates the maximum strength of the bulls on a given bar. Bulls earn a profit when the price rises, so speculators buy until the price reaches the maximum level. Bulls Maximum power is a moment when bulls want to move the price higher but no longer have money. The minimum Bears Power indicates the maximum strength of the bears on a given bar. When the price goes down, bears make a profit and therefore sell until the price reaches its minimum. 

Bears Minimum power is a moment when bears want to move the price further down but are no longer able to do so. Bulls Power indicates bulls’ ability to raise the price above the asset value average agreement.as a norm the bulls’ power is above zero. If it’s below zero, then that means that the bulls are in fear and will lose their control. Bears Power reflects the ability of bears to bring down the price below the asset value average agreement. The strength of bears usually is below zero. If it is above zero, then the bulls will be too strong, and the bears will lose their power.

Bulls vs Bears Power

Any financial market is made up of buyers (“the bulls”) seeking to raise prices and sellers (“the bears”) seeking to lower the value of assets. Bulls Power measures buyers’ market capability to lift prices above average value consensus. The Bulls Power Indicator is a simple and efficient tool for analyzing buyers’ mood (“the bulls”) over a chosen time frame. It is most used in conjunction with the Bears Power Oscillator performing on the same principle but as regards the sellers. Bears Power measures sellers’ ability to drag prices beneath an average value consensus. It then use them in tandem with a trend measurement that allows you to determine favorable entry points.
A strong downward movement in the market means that bear power becomes positive or the bull becomes negative. Bull power has usually been positive. But in recent years it has been negative, owing to a series of negative movements in both the US stock market and the global economy.

Bear/Bull Powers Indicator Explained

The Bear/Bull Power Indicator is a versatile indicator used to measure the strength of bull and bear markets. The bull-bear RSI FX indicator operates on a time frame currency pair. It works for both bull and bear indicators as well as for all currency pairs in the world at the time of publication of the indicators. The Bear and Bull performance indicators show the difference between the Moving Average and the Daily Average for a given period. If the daily high is further away from the movement average, the bull value is higher, and if the daily low is further below, the value is lower. If, on the other hand, a daily low is further below the Moving Average, it is higher.
They are two of the more technically sophisticated indicators used to assess the strength of market prices. Bears Power measures the strengths of buyers to lift prices, while Bears Power measures the strength of sellers to push prices down.
Bull power is usually positive and when it becomes negative, it indicates a fall in prices. But the bull performance indicator can remain in positive territory at the same time. If there is a switch, which means that the bull becomes negative and the bear power becomes positive, then there is a strong pull-down of the market. Bear power, on the other hand, can be negative at any time, even during a bull market. If the power of the bears becomes strongly negative, this may indicate a fall in prices.

How to Calculate Bears and Bulls Power Indicators

Every trading day in Forex is a battle between buyers- bulls, and sellers-bears. When this is used together with trend measurements, we can identify favorable entry points. Elderberry helps determine the strength of the competing group of bulls and bears by being a guiding indicator.
Bear power indicates a fall in prices if it is positive, while the Bull power indicator can remain in positive territory. The Elder Ray indicator is often used in conjunction with other indicators, such as the S & P 500 index.
The performance indicators of Bulls and Bears can, therefore, be used as a way to expect potential near-term market strength. The following chart illustrates the buy and sells signals generated by Bulls & Bears forces moving above and below the 0 lines.
Bulls Power and Bears Power are useful methods for looking at prices and recognizing the strength of the market. Bulls Power measures whether buyers raise prices above or below the average consensus value. Bear power is measured by whether sellers push prices below or above the average consensus. Bulls Power measures the ability of buyers to drive prices up or down above average or below consensus values. An easy way to show bear power and bull power in one window, this indicator shows bear power and bull power. The trend line is the average of the two indicators over a given period, or in this case one day.
Short-term divergences offers trading opportunities if new lows and highs are not shown by both bulls and bear indicators. Both are used to detect divergence as, using the 0-line and the 1-line for positive divergence.


When using the indicators, it is advisable to ensure that their periodicity is set equal. The purpose of this is to make comparisons between the bull and bear components of apples-to-apples. Likewise, if an exponential moving average is used, the periodicity of the EMA should match those of the indicators.
The Elder Ray index should be notable, as it is essentially focused on daily heights and lows, even in one day or longer timeframe.


The Bear and the Bull Power are the oscillators designed by Dr. Elder Alexander. They calculate the power of the buyers and sellers (Bears), i.e. above or below the average, to move the price in their favor. The Elder-Ray Index is the two indicators.

In the bull market, investors are confident of the market background and are willing to invest or trade and hold positions for longer. Uncertainty stalls the market in a bear market, which constantly worries traders about fall in prices.

Bear markets have occurred when advertising costs have decreased by more than 20% with negative speculation. Bear markets may be recurrent or longer-term.

A bear showcase marks a 20% decrease in stocks from later highs and a by and immense critical feeling on Divider Road. Bear control could be a degree of whether the bear drives costs up or down, with a positive or negative relationship between the two.

The simple answer, Yes. Elder-Ray developed the indicator and named it Bull/Bear Power.

Three major adjustments can be made to your portfolio: for bear markets, bull markets, and for all markets. Click here to learn more about the strategies needed for each market.

A Bull or a Bear are both animals you do not want to run into in an open space, both strong and powerful in their own rights. The Markets use the Bear to symbolize fear. A bear market means prices are falling, the Bull symbolizes optimism a charge forward as it is with the characteristics of how a bull attack. A bull market means prices are rising continuously over a lengthy period with prices moving into new high territories.