A comprehensive guide to currency pairs

Engaging in forex trading or foreign currency exchanges requires a basic knowledge of how currency pairs operate. This helps you fully to exploit exchange fluctuations. You essentially buy or sell currencies during an international transfer or exchange on the foreign exchange market. In any transaction, both currencies involved make a currency pair. To learn how and why currency pairs work in forex, read this guide in full.

What is a Currency Pair ?

A currency pair is the quotation of two separate currencies, which quotes one currency against another. The first currency described by a currency pair is called the base currency, and the second is called the quote currency.

Currency pairs compare currency to currency: a base currency (or first currency) versus a second currency, or quote currency. The currency price indicates how much quote currency is required to buy a unit of base currency. Currencies are listed on the international market by an ISO currency code, or by their three-letter alphabetic code. The ISO code will be USD for the US dollar.

Why is it Important to Know Your Forex Currency ?

If you want to understand the big picture, appreciating the strengths and weaknesses of the eight major currency pairs is critical; from USD to euro and from dollar to yen. Let’s also note that anyone who wants to take advantage of the Forex Futures Contracts currency pair convention, should know how the relationship of one value will affect the other. Typically, as you might have guessed, specialising in one or two pairs is easier than working with more pairs. Tracking broader movements between different relationships can become difficult. With time and patience, you can enjoy an extra source of income!

What are the Major Currency Pairs ?

If you’re hoping to enjoy productive forex trading, knowing the eight major currency pairs is crucial, since these values are the cornerstones of the forex market. The values behind these trades are important. It usually starts with identifying the eight major currency pairs as well as their values.


Because of the sheer global recognition of each currency, many investors consider this the main currency trading pair. It is also important to note that the US dollar is currently the number one currency in terms of sheer trading volume. It’s fair that many investors regularly look at the USD/EUR relationship.


The U.S. dollar value is also attached to the Japanese yen. The yen is one of the G10 currencies, as are many denominations listed in this article. Hence, it can represent a benchmark for global economic health.


One of the big pairs in forex is the British pound sterling (GBP) and US dollar. This not only involves the sum of each that changes hands on a daily basis, but it stems from the fact that both countries enjoy strong economic relationships. Both these major qualities are frequently leveraged against each other, as the pound is historically stronger than the dollar.


Sometimes referred to as the “Swiss dollar,” the CHF is another currency exchanged against the US dollar. This couple is one of the most conservative of the eight major currency pairs listed in this article. Because the value of the Swiss franc isn’t automatically tied to the EU, in times of uncertainty the franc can be used as a hedge.


Although all the eight major currency pairs are listed with the sign of the dollar, the CAD is a bit weaker. So, those trading American dollars may choose to buy CAD if the Canadian currency is expected to be strengthening.


Similarly, Australian and US dollars are widely traded. One benefit here is that investors can leverage any development in the Far East without becoming involved in other currencies like the yen or the Chinese renminbi.


The same aforementioned currency concept is often used when trading the NZD against the US dollar. Considering that the New Zealand economy is heavily dependent on commodity prices, this is one of the eight major currency pairs that could be an ideal solution for traders seeking a more conservative approach.


This is one of many important forex pairs also known as “crosses”. The term “cross” is used when referring to any pair not linked to the value of the US dollar. Those who are wary of the state of the American economy or who might otherwise try independent forex currency options, should consider these trades.

Minors and Exotic Pairs

Currency pairs similar to the U.S. dollar are known as crosses or currency pairs. Such pairs have smaller spreads, but have relatively liquid markets. Some pairs are EUR/CHF, GBP/JPY, EUR/GBP. The exotic currency pairs are emerging-market currencies. Those pairs aren’t that liquid and the spreads are much wider. Odd currency pairs are less traded, and more expensive to buy or sell. Don’t let the expense put you off, as with exotics, many of the greatest traders ever made their fortunes with these currencies. Never shy away from great chances of success, just because fewer speculators seek them. You simply have to outsmart the others. USD/SGD (US dollar/Singapore dollar) is one example of an exotic currency pair.


Forex traders use discipline and sustainability in their business. If you’re new to forex trading, pick flexible currency pairs such as EUR/USD or USD/JPY. Then test the basics and techniques to learn what currency pairs do. Determining the best leverage when trading currencies, is essential. Many novice forex traders delete their accounts because they used undue leverage. A forex trading strategy can help make traders reliable and disciplined. This can contribute to competitive behaviour and prevent loss.an help make traders reliable and disciplined. This can contribute to competitiveness-related behavior and prevent loss.